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大山町A地区における空き家の状況と活用可能性に関する研究 CiNiiでみる

著者名:
小椋 弘佳  田川 桜  細田 智久 

抄録:

In a declining society, the problem of vacant houses has surfaced in local areas. This study aims to clarify this situation and the future impact of vacant houses in a district of Daisen town. Forms of land ownership in this district includes many cases of multiple land owners, no inheritance of land ownership, and unknown whereabouts. About half the buildings in the district are likely to be vacant houses, and 60% of these buildings in the district are hard to use. The questionnaire for the residents implies that the residents need to consult about vacant houses, and desire preventive measures.


出版年月日:
2020-10 , 
巻:
, 
号:
64 , 
ページ:
1120-1125 , 
ISSN:
1341-9463

2019実践教育研究発表会 東京大会記録 : 写真を中心に(建築・デザイン系) CiNiiでみる

著者名:
新野 信夫 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-09 , 
巻:
35 , 
号:
3 , 
ページ:
85-95 , 
ISSN:

コルベール文書「ヴェルサイユ宮殿:概論」のヴェルサイユ新城館造営過程への位置づけ CiNiiでみる

著者名:
中島 智章 

抄録:

 The château de Versailles which had been a hunting lodge of Louis XIII became a huge Palace when the château-neuf was built from 1668 to 1670. Regarding the chronology of this château-neuf called envelopment, various theories have been fought since the 1940s, but the reason why many interpretations could exist is that "Palais de Versailles: Raisons générales", one of the three documents related to this problem by Jean-Baptiste Colbert doesn't bear the date on which it was written.

 The author previously evaluated former studies on the chronology of château-neuf and emphasized the differences in the interpretation of these three documents. As a result of that, it is revealed that the interpretation of "Raisons générales" is the most important. Therefore, as a next step, it is necessary to work "Raisons générales" in the construction history of château-neuf without contradiction. In this paper, I argue that "Raisons générales" should explain the adoptation of the finally realized plan by abandoning the chief architect's competition plan which is thought to have been adopted since the end of June 1669. In other words, I believe that "Raisons générales" was written last in the above three documents. Although this order has already been presented in previous studies, the reason for doing so is not indicated, so the presentation of that reason is the original purpose of this paper.

 As preparatory work, I already assessed the position of "Raisons générales" in former studies in my previous report, indicated difficulties for the interpretation of "Raisons générales" and carried out the work which highlights the positioning and inconsistency point in the interpretation of "Raisons générales" in these studies. In this paper, at first, after showing the Japanese translation by the author of the "Raisons générales", the points of the above work and issues are summarized and the author's answer to these points are presented. Based on the key derived from them, i.e. the dimensional data in "Raisons générales", the author adequately places "Raisons générales" in the construction history of the château-neuf of Versailles. The author indicates that the dimensions shown in the description that "L'élévation du dedans de la cour sera de 60 pieds de hauteur, et la cour n'aura que 28 toises de large sur 34 toises de longueur" at the beginning of the second part of "Raisons générales" is the key to this argumentation. The author proves the above hypothesis by comparing these dimentional data with the dimensions of the rooms of the appartement du roi shown in another document written by Cobert, "Mémoire de ce que le Roi desire dans son Bâtiment de Versailles". At that time, it also shows the reason why the dimensional data indicated in this "Mémoire" should be used rather than the measured value of the château-neuf of Versailles.


出版年月日:
2020-09 , 
巻:
, 
号:
775 , 
ページ:
2029-2035 , 
ISSN:
1340-4210

大江宏の記述の「うち」に関する言説について CiNiiでみる

著者名:
秦 明日香  河内 浩志  上野 友輝  冨久 亜以 

抄録:

1. Introduction

 The purpose of this paper is to clarify the descriptions of Hiroshi Ohe's "Uchi". In this research, we focused on the descriptions about Ohe's "Uchi" and structured the meanings through analysis and interpretation of their descriptions.

2. The meaning of "Uchi" in examples

 At first, "Uchi" has the meanings which is "uchi(written in Chinese characters )", and it is divided into "Physical meanings" and "Human relations meanings". The "uchi" often used to refer to the physical interior of a house or space. The phenomena that can be noticed by the Body (Body=Mind) walking along the route have the meaning of "Uchi" which is able to dwell in trust. "To be able to dwell in trust" is to feel the sense of distance in the spatial behaviors and pathways of the entrance, and to gain a sense of security isolated from the outside.The phenomena until notice "Uchi" were due to psychological changes caused by the Japanese habitual Body(Body=Mind).

3. Positioning of "Uchi"

 "Uchi" is a matter which established by the construction principle of "Ai", which places the top priority on the change of people's process and mind. What is important in the composition of "Uchi" is the "Mind", and it is as a matter that should be prioritized over visible elements (Form・Pattern). The location of the "Ai" configuration is the "Uchi" which is able to dwell in trust. That is the essence of the dwelling that Ohe should aim for.

4. Hiroshi Ohe's structure of "Uchi"

 There were three meanings of "Uchi", "i. Physical 'uchi'", "ii. 'Uchi' which is able to dwell in trust", and "iii. Designation of 'Uchi'". "i. Physical 'uchi'" was also used for the spatial of architecture and had a physical meaning. In order to establish "Uchi", the way of distance was important. The distance necessary for the establishment of "ii. 'Uchi' which is able to dwell in trust" is based on a body that has a custom as a Japanese. The phenomenon occurred by experiencing mind changes caused by actions (Walking, Take off footware) in complex space configurations (Way/Entrances).

 Because of the distance, "Uchi" becomes "Uchi" which is able to dwell in trust. The space composition for distance which required for the establishing process of "Uchi" which is able to dwell in trust is composed by the "Ai" method. Physical "uchi" is established by physical distance, and designation of "Uchi" is established by distance from companion consciousness. These structures of "Uchi" is shown from the fact that it was pulled out. The structure of "Uchi", which is related to Soto and Separation, is expressed as a characteristic of Japanese housing called "in trust" that includes all Body-Mind (physical and mental) aspects.

5. Conclusion

 The subject of this paper is to clarify "Uchi" in the description of Ohe Hiroshi, and by organizing, analyzing and interpreting the target documents, the meaning of discourse of "Uchi" in the description by Hiroshi Ohe and which structure is clarified whether it is caught with such a spread. In this paper, we positioned "Uchi" which is able to dwell in trust in Ohe's architectural philosophy as the nature of Japanese dwelling.


出版年月日:
2020-09 , 
巻:
, 
号:
775 , 
ページ:
2045-2052 , 
ISSN:
1340-4210

近世における春日大社社家町の変容過程と居住形態に関する研究 -江戸時代における高畑の町並変遷と旧祢宜・藤間家住宅の建築的分析- CiNiiでみる

著者名:
伊藤 裕久  濱 定史  小見山 慧子  山崎 美樹 

抄録:

 This paper seeks to clarify the transition of the townscape and the dwelling pattern of Shake-machi (Shinto priest town) of the Kasuga Taisha Shinto Shrine in the pre-modern times through the analyses of the Toma family's house which was built in the late 18th century and the existent archival materials from Toma family archives. We especially examined the formative process of the dwelling pattern of Negi (the lower-class Shinto priest) in Shake-machi during the Edo era, while paying attention to the difference before and after the Great Fire of Takabatake in 1717. The contents are as follows.

 Introduction.

 1. Spatial composition and the dwelling pattern of Shake-machi at the beginning of the Meiji era.

 The organization of the Kasuga Taisha Shinto shrine was constructed by the two hierarchies of the Shinto priest called Shake (the upper-class) and Negi(the lower-class). They lived in the north and south settlements separately. The north (Noda) declined, and the south (Takabatake) developed in the Edo era and 21 Shake and 93 Negi families lived in Takabatake in 1872. The houses of Negi were aligned along both sides of the main street there. Their dwelling lots of Tanzakugata-jiwari (Strip shaped land allotment) were divided into three types of the frontage dimensions (Narrow3ken/Middle5ken /Wide7-10ken). Middle and wide types accounted for most of their dwelling lots.

 2. Changing process of Shake-machi in the pre-modern times and its dwelling pattern.

 In 1698, 30 Shake and 205 Negi families (double in 1872) lived in Takabatake and more over there were many Negi families which did not own their dwellings but were the tenants. Negi families did not only conduct exclusively religious services but also worked as actors, craftsmen and merchants like common people of the city. Therefore, the dwelling pattern of Negi was similar to Machiya (traditional town house of common people) style. Half of the Shake-machi was burned down in the Great Fire of Takabatake in 1717. Small Negi families without possessions or wealth were overwhelmed, and it was estimated that the new dwelling lots of a large frontage size increased by integrating their narrow dwelling lots after the Great Fire in 1717 and the new townscape with the dignity as Shake-machi was reconstructed by the sequence of the large frontage of mud walls and front gates along the street.

 3. Architectural characteristics of the house of Toma Family who was the Negi and its reconstructive study.

 Toma family's house is surrounded by Tsuijibei (mud wall with a roof) with Yakui-mon Gate on its north side, and the main building has the large gable roof and Shikidai (the formal entrance). These features show the high formality of an influential Negi family. According to the reconstructive study, it was revealed that Toma family's house had been built in the late 18th century and the 2rows×3rooms plan with the earthen floor passage was originally the1row×3rooms plan connecting the lower ridge style Zashiki (2rooms). It resembles to the old Machiya of Nara-machi in the late 18th century. In this way, it is worthy of notice that Negi family's house had been developed from Machiya style by the reduction of small Negi families and the integration of their dwelling lots after the Great Fire of Takabatake in 1717.

 Conclusion.


出版年月日:
2020-08 , 
巻:
, 
号:
774 , 
ページ:
1829-1839 , 
ISSN:
1340-4210

重森三玲の「新作庭記」における「自然」に関する言説について CiNiiでみる

著者名:
上野 友輝  河内 浩志  冨久 亜以  藤 孝紘 

抄録:

1. Introduction

 The purpose of this report is to clarify the Japanese gardener Mirei Shigemori's (1896-1975) garden theory by focusing on the descriptions about "Nature" in his essay Shin-Sakuteiki. Previous researches on Mirei Shigemori are mainly focused on his conception through his eyes. We have focused on the keywords "Nature" and "Modern" and structured their meaning. In this research, we try to clarify his thought with descriptions he has left by exploring his theory about gardening. In Chapter 2, we confirm the position of Shin-Sakuteiki in the descriptions of Mirei Shigemori. In Chapter 3, we focus on words relating to "Nature" in Shin-Sakuteiki. In Chapter 4, we interpret specific discourses related to "Nature." In Chapter 5, we examine his gardening theory in later years by structuring meaning from the descriptions.

2. About Shin-Sakuteiki

Shin-Sakuteiki is an essay in the monthly essay attached to Nihon Teienshi Taikei ("Japanese Garden History Survey.") The title of it is borrowed from the title of Sakuteiki, which is known as the oldest gardening manual in Japan. Shigemori had quoted Sakuteiki many times in garden research and had taken it up in many literatures. Published over the course of eighteen months, his garden design theory constitutes a deep expression of Shigemori's later theory.

3. Positioning of words related to "Nature" in Shin-Sakuteiki

Shin-Sakuteiki is composed of 201 paragraphs, 6 paragraphs in the "Introduction", 51 paragraphs in the "Introduction to Main issue, " and 144 paragraphs in the "Main issue." Words relating to "Nature" are used very often, in a total of 312 places("Nature"-256 ; "Mother Nature"-36 ; words implying "Nature"-20.) Thus, we can understand how important the recognition of "Nature" for interpreting Shigemori's garden theory.

4. Description of "Nature" in Shin-Sakuteiki

 In Shin-Sakuteiki, there is no descriptions of "Super Nature" which exceeding "Nature" and there is the expression "approach to God." It can be understood that Shigemori's gardening is a behavior involving deification to be close to an approach to God. Furthermore, Shigemori's description is related to the creation of the gardens and emphasizes his relationship with God. "Nature" was not just a garden material, it was the same as the gardener regarded as a reflection of the gardener. As long as the thoughts of the ancient Japanese who worship "Mother Nature" as a god create a garden based on "Nature, " such is a garden's starting point.

5. Conclusion

 Shigemori perceived that creating arrangement of stones in a garden has the same structure as "Iwakura, Iwasaka, " which the ancient Japanese created. The difference is that people now create "art" for the purpose of "appreciation, " while forebears created by "intuition." The result of this report is to show that His way created gardens related to ancient Japanese views about "Nature." At the same time, it shows the ultimate goal of abandoning distracting thoughts and creating by "intuition." He connected the history of Japanese gardens with "Iwakura, Iwasaka, " and positioned gardening as a part of the rituals that were originally introduced in a garden. By focusing on the words relating to "Nature" in Shin-Sakuteiki, it is revealed that Shigemori in his later years, created sacred gardens.


出版年月日:
2020-08 , 
巻:
, 
号:
774 , 
ページ:
1821-1828 , 
ISSN:
1340-4210

建築の創造性を解き放つ金属3Dプリンター : 竹中工務店がオランダのスタートアップ企業とタッグ CiNiiでみる

著者名:

抄録:
竹中工務店が金属3Dプリンターを建築プロジェクトに適用しようと、研究開発を進めている。デジタルとリアルをじかに結ぶ新技術によって、建築デザインの可能性を、施工の制約から解き放つ試みだ。 産業用ロボットアームの先端に溶接トーチを取り付け、市販の…

出版年月日:
2020-07-23 , 
巻:
, 
号:
1172 , 
ページ:
52-55 , 
ISSN:
0385-0870

CASABELLA JAPANレクチャー 現代建築デザイン論(第9.1回)反近代主義 : 建築と自然(1)視線の構成(2-1) CiNiiでみる

著者名:
赤坂 喜顕 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-07 , 
巻:
911 , 
号:
0 , 
ページ:
21-27 , 
ISSN:
2432-3985

都市を開拓する ―都市空間における新たなストリート空間の提案― CiNiiでみる

著者名:
浅倉 雪乃  友渕 貴之 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
- , 
ISSN:

公共施設等総合管理計画に基づく施設の複合化に際してのプレデザイン CiNiiでみる

著者名:
小地沢 将之  星 歩美  齊藤 彰 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
17-18 , 
ISSN:

自伝的記憶を想起する針金細工の制作 CiNiiでみる

著者名:
高橋 丈 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
15-16 , 
ISSN:

滲み出す学びの空間 CiNiiでみる

著者名:
谷藤 薫  友渕 貴之 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
11-12 , 
ISSN:

生活像の遺構 宮城県女川町を対象として CiNiiでみる

著者名:
小林 勇斗 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
9-10 , 
ISSN:

記憶の種火 CiNiiでみる

著者名:
高城 那菜 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
7-8 , 
ISSN:

道の駅 あんだい CiNiiでみる

著者名:
淺井 郁明 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
5-6 , 
ISSN:

石巻河北尾崎・次世代漁師の再定住計画 CiNiiでみる

著者名:
林 弘樹 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
3-4 , 
ISSN:

Cedar Lamp CiNiiでみる

著者名:
松村 光太郎  青木 萌花 

抄録:

出版年月日:
2020-06 , 
巻:
, 
号:
6 , 
ページ:
1-2 , 
ISSN: